What are common mistakes could kill plants in chameleon cage?

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  • What are common mistakes could kill plants in chameleon cage?

    One of the most common questions most new chameleon owners often ask is why their plants are not thriving or even died. Many chameleon keepers cannot keep plants alive. We definitely need to change this. One of the good indication that show your cage is a healthy environment for your chameleon is a lush, thriving plants life.

    The best plants for chameleons need just light and water from you and the right temperature range. There are a number of other reasons why a plant could die, and these common culprits could be at fault.

    #1 Overwatering

    This is the most common mistake for many new chameleon owners. We all know that plants need water to alive but many owners have a fear of under watering, so they give their houseplants more water than they are able to use. Overwatering could lead that the plants are waterlogged and end up with you throwing away a dead plant. You can use pots with excellent drainage to avoid the dreaded root rot.

    #2 Lack of water

    On the other hands, there is other problem with water plants, of course, under watering. Once established, these plants actually like having their soil a bit on the dry side. Some type of plants like desert plants (cactuses, succulents) even do not require as much water as many other types of plants, they just need to be watered few times a week.

    Make sure that you know the favoured conditions of each plants and follow the care instructions for the particular plant you’re keeping.

    #3 Wrong type of soil

    Basically, organic soil will work well with plants used in a chameleon cage that prevents harmful chemicals. This soil also available at local plant stores at affordable price. However, there are also some type of plants have special requirement.

    Succulents need good drainage, while many other kinds of plants require more dense soil.

    #4 Overexpose or lack of light

    There are some types of plants will require low-light spectrum and you will need to place them where it will be shielded and avoid from direct UV rays. On the other hand, you can put light-worshipping plants right next to your heat lamps.

    Additionally, it is the note that heat lamps may not be sufficient to support the plant’s need for lighting. You may need to place them under the direct sunlight. Check what level of light a plant requires, as specified by the seller.

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  • Best worms for bearded dragons: Josh’s Frogs Waxworms vs Josh’s Frogs Hornworms Habitat Cup

    Bearded dragons are omnivores; they need to eat both vegetables and proteins. And worms are a great source of protein for them. But what are the best worms for bearded dragons? In this post, we will introduce for you two common types of worms for bearded dragons: Josh’s Frogs Waxworms vs Josh’s Frogs Hornworms Habitat Cup.

    If you do not want to go for detail, this is the quick sum up for you.  Waxworms have high-fat contents so they should only be fed as treats. Hornworms can be a great staple diet for bearded dragons but they are quite expensive.

    #1 Rich in nutrients

    Your bearded dragons require a balanced diet. Each type of worm offers different levels of fat, protein, calcium. Consider providing them the right worm with the nutrient they need.

    Josh’s Frogs Hornworm is a good feeding source for your bearded dragons since it hydrates and gives them the nutrition they’ll need. The nutritional contents of Hornworm are 3.07 % Fat, 46.4mg/100mg of Calcium, 85% of Moisture, and 9% Protein.

    Josh’s Frogs Live Waxworms is the tasty treat for your bearded dragons. It contains about 21% fat and 15% protein. Due to its high-fat content, it is an ideal feeder for fattening up reptile pets. 

    However, even if your bearded dragons love to eat waxworms, but the high-fat contents of waxworms can be the bed for them if given constantly. So waxworms should only be fed as treats for bearded dragons.

    #2 Delivered alive

    It is obvious that you do not want to pay for dead worms. Carefully consider the shipping policies of the company to ensure that the worms are delivered alive. Josh’s Frogs waxworms are guaranteed to arrive alive, last for a long time and are packaged securely. These waxworms arrive in temperatures from 0F to 85F.

    Josh’s Frogs Hornworms guaranteed to live arrival in temperature from 0 to 85 degree F. It is also shipped for free from Monday to Thursday. Order after 4 pm will be ship out the next Monday.

    #3 Feeding

    Waxworms are much wider than mealworms. Due to the big size, it can only be fed to adult bearded dragons. Moreover, they are too high in fat content so they should not be provided for younger bearded dragons. That’s why you need to know about a guide to breed bearded dragon.

    Meanwhile, hornworms are a good insect to include in your bearded dragon’s staple diet with high protein and low-fat contents. But they are a bit expensive to give your pets as a staple food. Hornworms also grow quickly for up to 4 inches long and much larger than other worms, so after you get them you should feed them for a few days until the become too larger.

  • Best gravel vacuum: Jeeco 5 in 1 Fish Tank Cleaner vs Zacro Fish Tank Gravel Cleaner

    If you are looking for an incredible tool that helps you remove fish waste and debris from the aquarium without the hauling buckets, keep you substrate cleaner and safer for your fish during routine maintenance, then the best gravel vacuum is certainly what you need.

    We come up here 2 best aquarium gravel that you should look over to avoid wasting time on many different vacuums cleaner out there: Jeeco 5 in 1 Fish Tank Cleaner vs Zacro Fish Tank Gravel Cleaner

    To save your time, we recommend that you should choose Zacro Fish Tank Gravel Cleaner. Although it is not quite as top-notch as Jeeco and does not have lots of extra functions it does a great job, super budget-friendly devices and durable.

     #1 Gravel Guard

    It is important to know whether or not the vacuums have gravel guards. Because a vacuum cleaner would endanger your tank occupants during the cleaning program.  You will not want your small fish to get sucked up into the fish tank vacuum. A gravel guard helps prevent this.

    Jeeco vacuum allows you to siphon dirty water, clean your plants, and suck up all the particles that built up in the tank substrate and excess food while protecting your fish from siphon pressure. This is due to the built-in filter basket net that prevents the check valve is blocked by gravel and keeps smaller fish from getting sucked up into the tube.

    Zacro gravel cleaner is incredibly safe for your fish thanks to a gravel guard. It can protect your fishes from scare while replacing the water.

    #2 Easy to use

    There is a large suction balloon on the tube of Zacro gravel cleaner; all you need to do is slightly squeeze this suction balloon so that the water can suck up. The tip is the direction of the drain must be downward. It also comes with a clamp for clipping the tubing to keep the pump and cleaner hassle-free. Zacro gravel cleaner includes the faucet that allows control of the water flow and works well for gravel cleaning.

    Jeeco offers the air-pressing button that has strong suction, can allow one-hand operation easily. The water flow clamp can help you control the water flow and fix the pipe.

    You just need to connect the inlet and outlet pipe, then press the Air-pressing Button to create a siphon and the water will come into the bucket automatically.

    Jeeco is 5 in 1multifunctinal: Water changing, sand-washing, and excrement absorbing, raking sand, and scraping algae.

  • Best aquarium lighting for fish color: Current USA Orbit Marine vs Fluval Aquasky

    Many fish keepers prefer to keep colorful species of fish such as Cichlid, Mollies, Neon, but not all of them know that fish colors are affected by the light spectrum. An aquarium lighting system plays an important role in keeping your fish in vibrant colors.

    We want to introduce here two best aquariums lighting for fish color: Current USA Orbit Marine Aquarium Light vs Fluval Aquasky LED Aquarium Light.

    If you are finding the light, which has built-in as multiple colors for maximizing the visual appeal of your saltwater aquarium and modes management with the passage of time, then we recommend using Current USA Orbit Marine Aquarium Light. For more information, please see the details below.

    #1 Full spectrum

    Current USA orbit Marine LED provides ultra-bright LEDs and a wide color spectrum, which will create an attractive appearance for your corals and fish. This LED light produces an impressive number of color spectrums, which offer eye-catching color rendition and many shimmer effects.

    Fluval Aquasky LED includes light and tri-colored light. Each individual LED will emit 120 degrees of light dispersion for coverage of all the tanks.

    Since different fish colors will tend to showcase and look incredibly beautiful under different colors of light. So the best LED aquarium lighting with full-spectrum light will allow you plenty of options that you can change depending on the fish colors.

    #2 Modes

    As mention, the limitless number spectrums of Current USA orbit Marine light crest a wide array of special lighting effects such as shimmer, pulse, fading. It also offers some modes like cloud cover effects, storm modes with lightning strikes and innovative evening modes.

    Current USA orbit marine lighting also mimics the natural light from slow sunrise, bright daylight, dimming sunset to moonlight. It creates a 24 hours natural lighting schedule.

    Fluval Aquasky Light product 11 different modes, which allow you to bring out various colors on your fish while changing the different attractive modes. These modes are cloud cover, sunrise, sunset, moon, storm, lightning and more.

    #3 Control

    Current USA orbit marine light allows you to control and set 24 hours on/off time with gradual sunrise, sunset, daylight, moonlight; adjustable color spectrums and intensity; 6 weather effects; wave pump; flow mode, flow rate, even feed mode, etc. All it takes is one tough by the LOOP controller with wireless remote features.

    Fluval Aquasky includes infrared SKY pad remote, which allows you to control adjust color spectrum, brightness, and lighting effects with 4 memory-save settings. But the drawback is that it not comes with the built-in timer to automatically on and off at the times you set.

  • Best LED aquarium lighting: NICREW classic LED Light VS. KOVAL LED light

    Best LED aquarium lighting does not only serve to increase the special aesthetic appeal of your fish, corals, plant or any aquatic organisms. The LED light also plays an important role in the simulate day and night cycles in your tank.

    Especially, if you are keeping plants and corals in your aquarium, the LED light will provide the optimum temperature and lighting conditions for plants and corals photosynthesize.

    There are many models of LED light for aquarium available on the market with different pros and cons. This post will help you narrow your choice by comparing two of the most favorite LED light products recently: Nicrew classic LED lighting VS. Koval LED lighting.

    #1 Light spectrum

    The spectrum should contain enough colors for the photosynthesis process of plants and corols.

    Nicrew LED light creates a shimmering light in your aquarium that can be set to 2 different modes. The white lights are good for daylight. The daytime mode provides a clean and balanced natural color for the lighting.

    And the blue lights are used for the nighttime mode. When you switch to the night mode, the shadowy actinic blue light will mimic nightlight perfectly.

    Koval LED light contains the full-color spectrum with78 and 156 bright lights depend on the size that you choose. These lights offer 5 different colors. Due to the full spectrum light, this LED light is suitable for any type of fish, aquatic plant ad coral reefs.

    It also has more lighting mode than the Nicrew with 3 options: all lights on, only blue LEDs on, and all lights off. The “all light on” mode used for daytime and “only blue LEDs on” mode will simulate the natural moonlight and use it for the nighttime.

    #2 Efficiency

    The first thing you will find in Nicrew light once you install it is its brightness. It is an extremely bright light. This will ensure that every corner in your tank will be illuminated. Nicrew produces the light that does not affect the behavior of the fish in the aquarium but still ensures the benefit for the plants.

    Depends on how you use it, the Koval light can be used for 50,000 hours and more, which helps you save the cost of buying replacements bulbs. This is the LED light with highly efficient and low energy.

    #3 Extra features and cost

    There are many LED lights that come with some extra features such as run on time, automatically change intensity, range of wavelengths, etc. However, with 2 products that will review, there are no extra features included, no timer, dimer or another adjustment.

    But the lights with more features will be more expensive. Sacrificing some additional features below, you can get the Nicrew and Koval light with less cost but still, give the basic factors that your aquarium needed.

  • Frequently Asked Question About Under Tank Heater For Reptiles

    Reptiles need a heat source not only to keep warm. They also require heat to maintain their body functions such as digesting food, excreting waste and improve circulation and respiration systems.

    And one of the most effective methods to provide heat for your terrarium is using under tank heater for reptiles.

    But if you have ever used a heating pad before, there are many questions might come to your mind. This post is some common questions about under tank heater that will help you get to know about it.

    Are heat pads for reptiles safe?

    If you observe the following guidelines, the heat pad is completely safe to use for your reptile’s tank:

    Reading the instruction carefully before installing your heat pads.

    Placing the heat pads outside your closure, at the bottom of the tank. There is a risk of burning the substrate or overheat your pet if you place the hat pads inside the tank.

    Ensure that you will disconnect the heat pad and the power supply before you clean the tank.

    Using the thermostat to control and monitor the heat pads.

    Do reptiles need any light if there is a heat pad in the tank?

    Even when you are using the best reptile heating pad, you also need to provide the light for your reptiles. Reptiles need the UVA and UVB light to survive in the enclosure.

    There are also some species of reptile do not need UVB light, but they also need the daylight to maintain their day and night time cycle.

    Should you use a heat pad for plastic terrarium?

    No, you should not. Plastic really easy to get melt if the temperature is increasing suddenly.

    You are recommended to use the heat pad for glass or wooden tanks. The plastic tank is not really durable and tend to turn yellow over time or when it meets the heat.

  • First-principles to make the ideal betta fish tanks

    There is no doubt about the judgment that betta is a colorful, lively and beautiful fish that be an ideal choice for keeping.  And if you are keeping a beta fish tanks, did you set up a proper tank for them?

    In order to make the ideal betta fish tanks and keep your fish stay happy, healthy and long life, you need to remove some misconceptions about caring betta fish. This article will help you to synthetic some first principles to establish an aquarium for your betta.

    The bigger the tank is, the better

    Most people prefer to use betta fish tanks for livening up their desks at the office so they keep them in a small fishbowl or vase. Besides that, in the pet store, betta fish are also kept in the same way. But although betta can survive in the small tank not mean that this is the ideal environment for them.

    If you want to provide them a tank where your fish can live a happy life, healthy and long life, we recommend that you should not keep them in any tank smaller than 2,5 gallons. At least a 10 gallons size tank is ideal for the betta, and bigger is better.

    They need room to swim around and do exercise, and you will need a blank space to add more plant or hide placement, which helps betta feel comfortable. Moreover, the larger tank will reduce the frequency-time that you need to change the water and the filter will work more effectively.

     Using the filter for a betta tank

    In order to provide them a happy life, although betta fish do not really need a filter, you still need to add the filter for them. With a filter, the tank requires less time of frequent water change to keep the water quality up and remove toxic debris.

    Betta fish do not produce much waste like other fish, so you just need to use a small hang back on the filter. A larger canister filter is superfluous.

    Beta also enjoys the water environment with litter or no water movement. Choosing the filter with a low flow filter or have a low capacity for your tank.

  • What Are The Best Heater Pads For Leopard Geckos?

    If you have never keep any leopard geckos before, you have to learn how to provide them with adequate heat. Unlike mammals, leopard geckos cannot regulate their body temperature by themselves.

    In the wild, leopard geckos usually get the warmth by hiding in the enclosed spaces, between the rocks underground because leopard geckos absorb heat through their bellies.

    Therefore, in the captivity, you should provide them the similar heat sources. This is why you will need the best heat mat for leopard gecko.

    Heater pads for leopard gecko

    Unlike bearded dragons, leopard geckos do not prefer to basking under the sunlight or direct heat sources. So in their tank, they do not need the basking area or heat lamp to get warmth.

    Leopard geckos require belly, underside heating in order to digest their food. The best way to heat our leopard geckos is by using heater pads for leopard geckos. Heater pads are the devices that made specifically for reptiles and placed to the bottom of their cage; provide gentle and reliable heat for your leopard geckos.

    How to choose heater pads?

    Before buying the best reptile heating pad, you should measure your tank to get the suitable size of heater pads. Normally, you should get the heater pad that covers about 1/3 of the tank floor. This will create two different sides in your tank: the cooler side and the warm side.

    This will allow your leopard geckos to regulate their body temperature by choosing whether they want to be warmer or cooler. If you are living in a cold climate, you can choose the bigger heater pad, cover about 1/2 your tank floor.

    Moreover, you should get a heater pad controlled by a thermostat or you will do not know if this heater pad gets too hot and your leopard gecko might be burned. If your leopard geckos never lie on this heater pads, it’s probably over-heat, and if they become slowly, do not eat much or lie almost the day, it’s probably too cool for them.

    Maintaining the overall temperature in your leopard gecko’s cage always stay between 75-90 degrees F.

  • Frequency Questions About Fish Tank Chiller

    It is obvious that water temperature is very important to fish because they are cold-blooded animals. That means their body temperature deeply affects the environment surrounding.

    Due to this, you will need the fish tank chiller to regulate and bring the optimal temperature for your fish.

    What makes your tank overheat?

    There are two factors can lead to the over-heat of your aquarium:

    Firstly, all the equipment you are using such as canister filters, powerheads, hang-on filters, wavemakers, and water pumps can generate heat. The more capacity, the more heat is produced.

    Secondly, the reason is the aquarium light system. All the bulbs are release heat to warm the water. But LED light will provide less heat than other bulbs.

    Sometimes, the heat up of the aquarium can also due to the sudden change of weather. However, the chiller can solve almost these problems.

    How does an aquarium chiller work?

    The heat exchange process of an aquarium chiller is: the chiller takes the heat from the water of the tank and transfers it to the outside environment. A chiller has 4 main parts such as the heat exchanger, expansion valve, the compressor and the condenser coil.

    The cooling process will begin with a heat exchanger that will absorb the heat from the water. Then the compressor will pump the refrigerant vapour to the condenser. The refrigerant will be kept in the condenser tubes and then it is blown through the hot condenser coil by a fan.

    Where you should place your chiller?

    Almost chiller devices are compact and take less space. Placing your chiller in the area that enough airflow for the chiller releases the heat. If you place the chiller in the enclosed space, it may cause a less effective chiller and wastes a lot of energy.

  • Best food for bearded dragon & leopard geckos: How to feed a lizard?

    If you are a lizard keeper, finding how to feed them correctly is definitely what you should do to keep them live healthily. But there are varieties of lizard species are available, state clearly what to feed them is not an easy task. This article below will help you figure out.

    What types of lizard did you have?

    Different types of lizards eat different types of food. The first thing you should do is figure out what is your lizard specie by looking at its physical characteristics. And then define what types of food they should eat and how much they can eat.

    Some lizards are carnivores, some are herbivorous and some of them also are omnivorous.

    Lizards are carnivores

    A representative of this type is the leopard gecko. Leopard geckos are carnivores that mean they do not eat vegetables. The best food for leopard geckos is insects. You can easily buy live crickets at any animal shop. Some insect larvae such as super mealworms and wax worms also provide your lizard nutrients.

    Note that only buying insects that match the size with your lizards. Before feeding them, you will need to dust supplement powder to the insert to help your pet get enough calcium and vitamin D3.

    Lizards are omnivores

    The most common species of this type is the bearded dragon. The best foods for bearded dragons are fresh produce and live insects daily. Omnivores lizard can eat quite a lot of common vegetables such as leafy greens, carrots, peppers, sweet potatoes, cucumber, broccoli, etc.

    Some insects such as fireflies are not the best food for bearded dragons like some people thinking because they are poisonous to your pet.

     Lizards are herbivorous

    Vegetarians are easier than others to meet their requirements for dietary. You should chop and mix their salads before feeding them. Providing some vegetables that are rich in nutrients such as broccoli, blueberries, cabbage, cauliflower, etc.